Different types of pencils and their use

So, you want to take sketching a level higher. Great!

Now, it is crucial for you to find the right tools and understand the importance of using different pencils. For example, in detailed drawing, you might want to use fine pens or pencils, but in preliminary drawing, you might use broader strokes.

Which pencil is right for you?

From the time the pencil industry began growing, different kinds, grades, and types of pencils were manufactured. Each one was graded and categorized according to hardness levels as well as the quantity or extent of black color it could produce. This means that they were categorized relating to how dark or light they were, and also how light or heavy their lead was.

Choose your type of pencil from the chart below:

GradeDegree of HardnessBest Used For
9BVery SoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
8BVery SoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
7BVery SoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
6BVery SoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
5BSoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
4BSoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
3BSoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
2BSoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
BSoftDrawing, sketching, and shading
HBMediumWriting as well as technical drawing
FMediumWriting as well as technical drawing
HHardMarking crafts and technical drawing
2HHardTechnical drawing
3HVery HardTechnical drawings and detailed technical drawings
4HVery HardTechnical drawings and detailed technical drawings
5HVery HardTechnical drawings and detailed technical drawings
6HExtremely HardFor very special purposes
7HExtremely HardFor very special purposes
8HExtremely HardFor very special purposes

The degree of hardness is usually printed on the pencil, especially if they are made specifically for drawing.

Besides picking suitable pencils for you, you will also need to buy a sketchbook. Picking hardcover sketchbooks are better for both indoor and outdoor useover paperback ones. The hardcover provides support if you need to doodle, sketch or draw something.

Few types of Pencils

Graphite Pencils–Used by artists to draw expressive lines, andlight guidelines and realistic images, it also allows for smoother strokes.

Solid Graphite Pencils – Used mainly by artists for drawing and art.These pencils are also available in the same hardness and grades as the ordinary graphite pencils.

Liquid Graphite Pencils – Used by artists to create pencil sketches and genuine graphite pencil effects using a liquid.

Charcoal Pencils – Used by artists to prevent hands being marked. Many famous artists made use of the charcoal pencil, for example, Georgia O’Keeffe, Leonardo da Vinci, Ernst Barlach, and Michelangelo.

Carbon Pencils – Used toproduce thick and deeper black lines than the graphite pencil, which are difficult to erase.

Colored Pencils or Crayons – Used by architects and children for drawing and coloring, as they are easy to use and are non-toxic.

Grease Pencils – Used on glossy non-porous surfaces like glass, porcelain, rock, plastic, ceramics, metal, and polished stone.

Watercolor Pencils –Used in wet state. First some dry pigment is put, followedby a damp brush. This helps spread the pigment, which intensifies the colors. This comes in as many as 120 different colors.

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